UPSC Question Paper 2019 - Prelims & Mains Paper PDF
UPSC Question Paper 2019 - Prelims & Mains Paper PDF

UPSC Question Paper 2019 – Prelims & Mains | Paper PDF

Clearing the UPSC exam is a dream for thousands of people out there. Some find it difficult to achieve their dream, a few people are endeavoring to accomplish their goal whatever it takes and here you are – One of the crucial part of UPSC exam preparations. Exam preparations have always been a difficult task when you don’t like the subject but when you are curious about the learning phase, then the path will never be arduous.

Learning should be effortless and you don’t have to pressure yourself by infusing many books, study materials, online notes and rigorous practice. This is one way of learning. However, you can learn without forcing much. UPSC exam syllabus is huge without any doubts and it is a tiring process to prepare for such a difficult exam when the competition is also high. You will be overwhelmed by the UPSC syllabus but have a plan and choose the right materials.

Once you have selected the right books and scheduled a proper plan, you are all set to learn efficiently. Don’t focus on the results, concentrate on the process of learning. When the learning process is ideal, the outcome will be beneficial. UPSC Question paper 2019 analysis is one of the crucial steps in your exam preparations. Here are some of the important information about the previous year question papers that can help aspirants to enhance their preparations by several notches. Without further ado, let’s get into the topic and analyze the UPSC 2019 question papers. Remember that you have to put in a lot of efforts without getting exhausted.

UPSC question paper 2019 analysis

By going through the previous year question papers, it is clearly found that current affairs is given more importance in the past few years without any doubts. To explain it in numbers, nearly 20 – 30 questions are based on the current affairs, not just once but in the past decade, the number of current affairs questions in the UPSC exam question paper is heaving. In UPSC Question paper 2019, there were 22 questions based on current affairs and it is the highest number of questions that was based on one section. Other subjects like History, Polity, Geography, Economy, Environment and Science & Technology are succeeding the numbers consecutively. On an average, History questions are in between 10-15 whereas Geography is around 7-14. Polity questions have been higher than Geography while Economy questions are around 8 – 14. This apparently emphasizes the importance of reading current affairs and understand the information available. Here you will know about the UPSC question paper 2019 analysis. Prior to that, let us discuss the UPSC exam pattern for both prelims and Mains.

The General Studies paper I includes 100 queries and they are objective type questions. You will have four options from which you to pick the correct answer. If you pick the wrong answer, then it will reduce 0.66 marks for every incorrect answer. To complete the exam, you have 2 hours and you can utilize the time to score a maximum of 200 marks.

For General Studies I paper, you will have to attend 100 questions for tw hundred marks in two hours. When it comes to CSAT, you will have 80 questions but the marks and time duration remains the same. The CSAT paper is qualifying in nature while the GS I paper marks will be counted in the final merit list.

Get to know about the UPSC Prelims syllabus

Current issues in India and international value, Indian History, Indian National Movement, Indian and World Geography such as Physical Geography, Social Geography and Economic Geography,Geography of India and the World, Indian Polity and Governance Constitution. It is essential for the students to learn about the Political System, , Public Policy, Panchayati Raj, Rights problems and more.

Common problems on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change are the topics which you should be aware of but there is no need of in-depth analysis. You just have to cover the topics .

Detailed analysis of UPSC question paper 2019 prelims exam


First off, let us see the History section from which 17 questions were asked in the UPSC question paper. Digging further, we could see that five questions were asked from Modern History and four questions from Mediaeval history, Art and culture. Three questions from ancient history and one question was from post-independence. If you go through the previous year question papers, it is apparent that the question paper pattern in the history section is quite twisted.

Modern history questions have been reduced and mediaeval history portion questions have been increased and this comparison with previous year question papers emphasizes the importance of learning mediaeval portions. In the previous year, 22 questions were asked in history while the UPSC question paper 2019 history section had only 17 questions. This is because of the reduction of questions in the modern history section. When it comes to the post independence section, the previous year question paper also has one question and eight implies that the same pattern has been followed regularly.

The first question in the UPSC question paper 2009 history section is about kalyana mandapam. This question is about Art and culture. Similarly, there are several questions asked from many important topics.


When it comes to polity, there are 15 questions in the UPSC question paper 2019 prelims. This question paper had easy questions and candidates were able to attempt this section without worrying much. However, there were a couple of questions which were considered difficult but the remaining questions were simple in Polity. The questions were from topics like fundamental rights, right issues, judicial review, executive, legislature, political science, terms, constitutions historical background, judiciary and basic structure.

International Relations

Only five questions were there from International Relations in the UPSC Question Paper 2019 and it is less when compared to the previous year question papers. In 2018, there were ten questions and it was reduced into half. The difficulty level is also reduced and the candidates were able to attend the exam.


In UPSC question paper 2019, there were fourteen questions in the Economy part and the sections like banking, finance, different sectors in economy, payments and international trade were the questions asked. Moreover, there was a question from Fiscal policy, agriculture and labour rights too.

Science & Technology

Only seven questions were there under this section but it was quite tough. The UPSC question paper 2019 Science and Technology  was quite tough when compared to the other sections. The questions required expertise in the domain. For experts, it might be answerable but candidates from other educational domains are perplexed due to the questions.


Fourteen questions were asked under Geography subject and it was static. The questions were basically from Geography of India, Physical Geography and World Geography. The questions were quite tough when it comes to Geography. The Mediterranean Sea question has been an important inclusion and for the past few years, the UPSC question paper had at least one question from this topic.


Eleven questions were asked under Environment and it is a combination of static syllabus and dynamic current affairs.

UPSC Question paper 2019 General Studies II paper

When it comes to CSAT, it was quite difficult to solve but the candidates managed to perform well in the exams.

The questions in Quantitative aptitude were 32 and the difficulty level is high and logical reasoning section was also difficult. There were questions from eighteen topics. Under English comprehension, there were thirty questions but it was quite moderate and there were no question from data interpretation.

UPSC Question paper 2019 Mains exam

Here you will find the detailed analysis of Mains Exam question paper in the past year.

General Studies I

When it comes to General Studies I paper, the exam was quiet easier and it was a combination of both static and dynamic part. It is essential for the students to have good knowledge for scoring more marks and in-depth understanding of concepts and historical events are crucial. There was a question from Art and Culture regarding the Gandhara Art and this question was considered moderate.

Four questions were from Modern history which increased weightage. These questions’ difficulty were also moderate and questions are redundant. World History question was also there and it was an analytical query. It is considered quite easy as it was about American and French revolution. There were eight questions from Geography which is a blend of analytical and static syllabus. After Geography, there were more questions from Indian society. The questions in Geography and Indian society were moderate difficulty.

General Studies II Paper

General studies is analytics and the paper was quite lengthy which had a combination of questions from Fundamental and applied part as well. Indian Constitution, current affairs and more important topics are asked in the UPSC question paper 2019. It is essential for the students to stay updated with the current affairs and students have to make use of the sufficient information available out there. When it comes to the question paper, it is essential for the candidates to spend a minute to understand the question before answering. The difficulty level is moderate but some questions were  very difficult. Sixteen questions were from Indian Polity and four questions from International relations.

General Studies III Paper

In Indian Economy, there were eight questions and it was based on topics like GST, National Watershed Project, Agricultural Production, Inclusive growth, GDP growth, Government Budgeting, and Food processing sector. Nearly twelve thousand candidates cleared UPSC Prelims exam and started with UPSC Mains exam preparations. From Philosophy and Education to Science and Tech, there were a wide range of topics in UPSC Mains paper.

Under Environment Section, there were two questions regarding Illegal sand mining and the consequences on environment. In Science and Technology, there were four questions from topics like Application of Biotechnology to Farmers, contribution of Sir M.Visvesvaraya, Dr. M. S. Swaminathan on agriculture and Space Technology. There four questions from Security and DM.

General Studies IV

When it comes to General Studies IV, the questions were mostly regarding your opinions on certain topics.

Essay topics in UPSC Question paper 2019 Mains

In Section A, the topics were easy and they are listed below.

  • Wisdom finds truth
  • Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be
  • Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society

In Section B, there were four topics and they are listed below.

  • Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through re-skilling and up-skilling
  • Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy
  • South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities
  • Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness

That is all about the UPSC question paper 2019. It is hard to predict the exact questions that will be in the question paper. If you have the proper understanding of how the questions are asked, it will be easier for you prepare accordingly. There are so many options to learn for UPSC exams and one of the them is learning UPSC Question paper 2019. By proper evaluation and analysis, You can score more marks in the upcoming UPSC examinations. Good luck!!


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