First IAS Officer in India | Satyendranath Tagore

Get to know about the first Indian civil service officer, Satyendranath Tagore and how he was the first Indian to pass ICS. This article will help you to know everything about Satyendra nath Tagore without any further due we can know about Satyendranath Tagore in the following article.

Satyendranath Tagore the first Indian civil service officer

You are preparing for the IAS examination or just having a thought about taking up the IAS as a passion. Satyendranath was the first ICS officer and got to know how he was able to successfully complete the civil services examination. We have provided all the details that you will want to know about the first ICS officer in the country who was the first Indian ICS officer Satyendra Tagore was born into a famous family of Calcutta. He learnt English and Sanskrit at home and also studied in Hindu.

He was the Pioneer to write an exam in the university and you should know that Rabindranath Tagore was the oldest brother. When he finished learning, Satyendranath Tagore got into presidency College. At the age of 17, he got married to Jnanadanandini Devi and the couple had two children namely Surendranath Tagore and Indrani Devi. Surendranath had a great command over English and crafted a version of the Mahabharat portion in Bengali.

Apart from being the first Indian ICS officer, Satyendranath Tagore also had an interest in composing songs and he was also an author. It is also important to know that Satyendranath Tagore contributed to the empowerment of women in Indian society.

Get to know about the endeavors of Satyendranath Tagore

As specified earlier, Satyendranath Tagore is the first ICS officer in India and it was at that time the East India Company had been ruling the country. The company’s director nominated aspirants and they were made to sign  a covenant of indenture contract. This bond is backed by two guarantors. After a long time, there was post for Indians so a competitive exam was introduced to recruit reliable candidates.

Satyendranath Tagore took up the exam and he went to England. The main support in his endeavours was Monomohun Ghose, a friend of Satyendranath Tagore. They both went to England in 1862 to take up the exams. Satyendranath Tagore was first selected in June 1863. Being the first ICS officer, he finished the probationary training and visited India after a year.

Though he cleared the exam, his friend was unable to complete the exam successfully. He was posted in the Bombay Presidency after which he got a post in Ahmedabad. He traveled a lot due to constant change in job postings and he had little to no time to stay at home. However, his family stayed with him on a regular  basis.

Other things you need to know about Satyendranath Tagore

In this section, you will know about the literary works of Satyendranath Tagore as he was a well-known author and the brother of Rabindranath tagore. Some of his works include Sushila O Birsingha, Bombay Chitra, Bhartvarsiya Ingrej and Amar Balykatha O Bombay Prabas. As he frequently traveled to several parts of the country, it was easy for him to learn many Indian languages and that helped him to convert Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s Tukaram and Geetarahasya into Bengali versions. Once he retired, he stayed in Park Street and also Ballygunge, Calcutta.

Brahmo Samaj

Satyendranath Tagore has always believed in the Brahmo Swaraj ideology and also shows his active participation regularly. The component of Brahmo that sprouted from the Bengal Renaissance is known as the Brahmo Samaj. Even when he was in England busy with the hectic schedule, he always found time to preach the idea of Brahmo Samaj. He joined the post in Ahmedabad and also Brahmo Samaj sent to Max Mueller. Satyendra had great respect for his father who was one of the leaders of the Bengal Renaissance. Devendranath Tagore was Satyendranath Tagore’s father and implemented many ideologies in the reformation of women.

Women’s freedom

Satyendranath had been one of the important people who actively helped in women’s progress in Indian society. He also found an ideal partner with whom he made his wish come true. As Satyendranath witnessed several troubles at an early age for the women in the society, he wanted to put an end to them and made efforts to improve the way for women’s treatment in advanced society. The first IAS officer of India, he had done so much work to end the purdah for Indian women.

Satyendranath endeavors to become the first IAS of India

It was not an easy path for Satyendranath to reach success and he faced a lot of struggles to achieve the job posting. It was highly inspiring for other Indians as he was the first officer during British rule. In British India, only the British could enroll for the Indian civil service and they were given more priority. Although the application process was open for Indians in the mid 19th century, it was difficult for other states to clear the competitive examination.

After the Indian rebellion of 1857, the ICS was set up in 1861. Moreover, the ICS was a difficult exam which one had to complete by visiting England and compete with British candidates. It was definitely a difficult task for common Indians during that time but friend Monomohun Ghose encouraged him to to successfully complete the ICS exam preparations. Both friends set a target to complete an ICS examination and successfully get a job posting. After 2 years, Satyendranath was appointed as the first IAS officer in the country. He also went on to compete with the British candidates and visited England.

In the year 1864, he came back to India and got an appointment in the Bombay presidency for initial training. Once the training was over, Satyendranath acquired the post in Ahmedabad as the first IAS officer in India. In this time, he got to learn several languages and elevated his literary talent effectively. He joined the list in literature and went on to translate some of the greatest literature in Bengali. For three decades, he worked as an Indian civil service officer and retired as a judge of Satara in 1897.

Other works of Satyendranath Tagore

Apart from becoming the first IAS officer in India, Satyendranath also participated in many activities as his house was considered as the literary assembly where many famous individuals participated. Moreover, Satyendranath was the president of Bangiya sahitya Parishad and he was also the president of the 10th Bengal provincial conference. He always made time to preach brahmo samaj ideal even in hectic schedules and he became an incredible part of a strong patriotic family. He always tried to elevate Indian society under British rule. With the help of Hindu Mela, he made efforts to initiate patriotism among the people of India. There were many songs written by him that motivated every Indian citizen during British rule. Moreover, Satyendranath’s song India’s children was the first national anthem for the country. When he was in England, he understood the position of Indian women in our country and he was contributing more for the reformation of women; the freedom of women was his ultimate goal and he worked for it.

Satyendranath Tagore is the first Indian ICS officer and you would have learnt all the details about the first civil services officer in the country. Apart from being an IAS officer, he was also engaged in various activities like brahmo samaj and women’s empowerment in Indian society. Moreover, he was interested in literature which led him to to translate popular literary works in other languages to Bengali and he also composed several songs. From civil service officer to and author of great literary works, satyendranath Tagore had done many things to enhance the society and he also accomplished several goals without any doubts. That’s All about the first civil services officer of the country.


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