IPS Officer – Indian Police Ranks, Full Form, Salary & Exam
If you want to become an IPS officer, then you should know about the responsibilities, duties, and other essential details to pursue your passion. Here we have provided all the information about the IPS Officer, and you can efficiently complete the UPSC exams to become an IPS officer. Indian Police Service is the full form of IPS, and it is one of the vital services. IPS Officers will be employed by Central Government as well and by the State Government also. IPS Officers have many responsibilities to fulfill, and they play an essential role in serving the public. It was in 1948 when Indian Police Service was formed.
When it comes to recruitment for the Indian Police Service, you will find two processes in which the IPS officers are recruited. The first recruitment mode is promoting State Police Officers, and another way is conducting the Civil Services Examination, which is eventually conducted by Union Public Service Commission. Previously, Limited Competitive Examination was conducted to recruit IPS officers. Later, the Supreme court decided to shred the LPS mode. About a million students appear for the UPSC exams every year. The UPSC exam is a common exam to choose candidates for several higher positions available in the Indian Government, namely Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and more.
IPS Eligibility criteria
The UPSC board will set the standards and eligibility criteria to select the Civil Service officers, and the eligibility is very strict. If you want to become an IPS officer, then it is essential for you to follow the qualification criteria.
- You should be the citizen of India for becoming an IPS officer.
- A candidate who appears for the IPS exam should be at least 21 years of age and the maximum age limit as per the category.
- A candidate should have graduated from a recognized university, and the students with any domain in their educational background qualify for the IPS exam.
- A maximum of six attempts is granted for the General Category and EWS. However, it changes for other candidates based on the category.
- A candidate who is applying for the post of IPS officer should meet the physical standards set by the UPSC board, which is mandatory.
- Candidates who are already in Indian Administrative Service and Indian Foreign Services cannot apply for the exams.
Age restriction based on the category
- For General Category and EWS, there is no age relaxation, and the maximum age limit is 32 – 6 attempts
- For Other Backward Class, there is three years of age relaxation, and the maximum age limit is 35 – 9 attempts
- For Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe, there is five years of age relaxation, and the maximum age limit is 37- No restriction
- For Defence Service Personnel disabled during service, there is three years of age relaxation, and the maximum age limit is 35
- For ex-servicemen who have been in service for five years, there is five years of age relaxation, and the maximum age limit is 37
- For PwD candidates, there is ten years of age relaxation, and the maximum age limit is 42(Attempts limitation as per the category except General and EWS as they can appear to the maximum of six times).
Things to remember while checking Eligibility criteria for IPS Officer
- Suppose an IPS aspirant belongs to the Other backward class, Scheduled class, or scheduled tribe and comes under another category (PwD). In that case, she or he is eligible to utilize both the categories’ age relaxations.
- If a candidate is an ex-serviceman or commissioned officers who voluntarily relieved from the position, then she or he might be eligible to utilize the age relaxations.
- For specific posts, the fitness test is mandatory, and PwD candidates should suffice the UPSC board’s standards.
- The date of birth proof can be a birth certificate, SSLC certificate, and all the proofs should be submitted during the Mains exam. Age proof is significant, and it should be from a reliable source, or else, the proof will not be accepted.
- While furnishing the birth date, you have to fill using the same format in your certificate cautiously.
- The number of attempts is counted even if the candidate appears in any one stage of the exam. Aspirants who attend the UPSC prelims will be considered as the first attempt. A candidate needs to prepare for the UPSC mains exams as soon as she or he completes the UPSC prelims exam successfully.
Educational Qualification for IPS officers
As said earlier, an IPS officer can have a bachelor’s degree from any recognized university. Candidates who have completed the final exam can appear for the preliminary exams, but it is essential for them to provide proof of passing while they attend the UPSC Mains exam.
Medical examination post UPSC exam
Once the candidate successfully completes the UPSC exams, (s)he will have to take up the medical examination to know whether he or she is suitable for specific technical services such Indian Railway Traffic Service, Railway protection Force, PONDIPS, DANIPS including the Indian Police Service). A few physical standards like height, chest circumference, vision, ear cavity, and the candidate should not stammer while conversing. Moreover, female candidates who are pregnant can not take up the medical examination.
These are the eligibility criteria for candidates who want to get selected in IPS recruitment, and there are more detailed analysis when it comes to medical tests and physical standards. Now, let us check out the roles and responsibilities of IPS bureaucrats.
If you wanted to know what you will do after becoming an IPS bureaucrat, then you should read below. We have mentioned all the information about the IPS officer job responsibilities below. The Ministry of Home Affairs will handle the Indian Police Service.
- When it comes to IPS officers, there are border responsibilities as well. The primary duties include border policing and counter terrorism.
- Moreover, they also maintain public peace and prevent crimes. The IPS officers are responsible for maintaining order.
- The IPS officers are responsible for other duties like security for VIP, Railway policing, drug trafficking, and disaster management, in which they are responsible for the conservation and enforcing environmental laws.
- The IPS bureaucrats will also acquire top posts in Indian Intelligence Agencies like CBI, CID, IB, and R&AW as well.
- There are other duties like leading and commanding the National Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.
- It is the responsibility of the IPS officers also include working with All Indian Services, especially the Indian Army.
Allocating the IPS Cadre
The officers who are promoted from the services will stay in the particular cadre where they are in service. However, candidates who get selected via the UPSC exam will be provided the cadre based on their rank and the vacancies available. The new cadre policy in 2017 slashed the older format of choosing the cadres. There are five zones for IPS Cadre.
- In zone I, there are seven cadres, namely, AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Mizoram, and UTs), Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana
- In the second zone, there are four cadres, namely Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Jharkhand and Bihar
- When it comes to the III zone, there are four cadres such as Gujarat, Maharashtra,Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh
- For Zone IV, the six cadres include West Bengal, Nagaland, Sikkim, Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura
- whereas the V zone has five cadres, namely Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
IPS Officers have to undergo training for two years in which the first three months of training is common to all UPSC aspirants. Once the training is completed in Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussorie, IPS candidates will take up a course in another academy in Hyderabad, which is none other than the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy.
The training is not just about the district training, and there are indoor and outdoor subjects for which the marks are also allotted.
The marks are allotted for Drill, equitation, field craft tactics, and map reading, first aid, ambulance, physical fitness, swimming, unarmed combat, and Yoga when it comes to the outdoor subjects. In the case of indoor subjects, their important names include Police in Modern India for 75 marks, Indian Evidence Act, 1872 for 100 marks, Indian Penal Code, 1860for 100 marks,Ethics and Human Rights for 75 marks, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 for 100, Special Laws for 50 marks, Forensic Science (includes both Theory & Practical) for 75 marks, Internal Security for 75 marks, Maintenance of Public Peace and Order for 75 marks, Police Leadership and Management for 100 marks, Crime Prevention & Criminology for 75 marks, Investigation-I and II for 75 marks (as individual subjects), Forensic Medicine for 50 marks, and finally Information & Communication Technology for 100 marks.
Detailed analysis of IPS training
The above mentioned information will give you a precise idea about the training an IAS Officer should procure after completing the Civil Services exam. In the below information, you will get to know about the detailed analysis of the IPS training provided to the candidates. The foundation course in LBSNAA Mussoorie is for three months after that, the basic course is for eleven months in SVPNPA, Hyderabad. Once they finish the the fundamental courses, the district training will be assigned for six months as per the cadre selected. There is yet another training in the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad. The basic course conducted is to provide a good and fundamental knowledge that is gained when the candidates are pushed to do unique challenges. The course is aimed to impart knowledge and understanding of the service. The candidates are expected to build them as an independent professional with organizational and communication skills. Other moral values like attitude, behavior and sensitiveness to any matter along with self-discipline is also noted.
Frequently asked questions
Ques. What to study to become a IPS officer?
Ans. You can study any domain and still appear for the Civil Services exam without any doubts. All you need is to fit the age criteria and perform well in the exams. You have three stages namely Prelims, Mains and final exams.
Ques. How many years does it take to become a IPS officer?
Ans. IPS Officers training take three years and you have to make use of the time for learning everything about the IPS officers’ role and responsibilities.
Ques. Is it easy to become an IPS officer?
Ans. It is not that easy to become an IPS officer as there is numerous competition. But it is challenging to prepare for the exams. To pick the eligible candidates, the UPSC board conducts exams in three stages and you have to clear the exams by contending with thousands of aspirants who appear for the exams with the same dream as you.
Ques. Is there any physical test for IPS?
Ans. Yes, there is a medical examination which evaluates the physical fitness of IPS officers height, chest, eye vision and more. It is not just about the marks you score in the UPSC exam but a candidate is required to pass the physical examination.
Ques. How difficult is IPS exam?
Ans. The IPS exam is difficult due to the competition. When it comes to the syllabus, you will have to read enarmously but the learning will be easy. If you consider it difficult, the invest more time in learning.