UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2020 – Excel in CSE (IAS Exam)
Every year, the Union Public Service Commission conducts the Civil Services exam to recruit students and eligible candidates for Civil Services examination. UPSC Prelims Syllabus The preliminary exam is the first and foremost phase that any student has to face. Once you complete the UPSC exams, then you can start the Mains exam preparations. The prelims exams are considered as the screening test and only the Paper I marks in UPSC Prelims will be added to the merit list. The Prelims scores are not taken into consideration for the final interview. Though thousands of students are appearing for the prelims, only a few get the opportunity to crack the exams. It is essential for the students to clear both Prelims and Mains exams as well. When an exam is not attended, the candidate will be disqualified.
The UPSC prelims exams have two mandatory papers of two hundred marks namely GS Paper I and GS Paper-II. Candidates will be writing multiple choice questions and these marks will not be considered for the final interview. The marks will be helpful to clear the UPSC prelims exams and advance to the next level. The UPSC prelims exams are conducted in offline mode and you have to furnish the right answer in the paper provided.
General Studies Paper I
The first paper of General Studies has important subjects such as Indian National Movement, History of India, General Science, Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change. Though they are static, current affairs, as dynamic syllabus has to be prepared. Even after addressing the syllabus in detail, there is more to learn as the current events and General Knowledge is heaving every day. So the syllabus is huge and it might be difficult for the students to complete the preparations.
Though it is difficult, you can still do the best by checking out a few sources. Lately, the importance of dynamic questions is heaving in the UPSC prelims exams so it is essential for every student to ensure that she or he goes through important magazines like Yojana Magazine and Kurukshetra Magazine. Moreover, it is also essential to check out Economic and Political Weekly, Press Information Bureau Releases along with popular Newspaper Daily such as The Hindu and The Indian Express. If you don’t have time to go through all the magazines, you can check out the detailed news analysis, comprehensive Yojana analysis, a summary of EPW, The Hindu analysis, and other top magazines to keep you posted regarding the current affairs.
History of Indian National Movement
This part is huge and IAS aspirants should use a proper methodology for completing the whole syllabus.
When you start with the ancient history of India, there are way too many topics that you should cover.
Starting from Prehistoric cultures in India, Indus Valley Civilization, socioeconomic culture.
Vedic society, Vedic texts, change from Rigvedic to later Vedic phases.
India and World Geography
Geography includes the Physical, Economic, Social Geography of India and the world. Just like History, Geography is a huge syllabus and you should put extra effort into completing the preparations. Moreover, reading Geography can help you as it is one of the optional subjects in IAS Mains exams.
The main topic of the Geography syllabus includes The basic idea about India, Physical features of India, The Great North Indian Plans, Peninsular Plateau, Indian Desert, River systems, Climate in India, Mineral and Industries, Agriculture and Allied-Characteristics and Problems, Natural vegetation of fauna- Characteristics and its significance, Economic infrastructure, Human Geography. When it comes to World & Physical Geography, you will have to go through chapters like Universe, The basic idea about Earth, Geo-morphology, Interior of the earth, Mass movements of landform, erosion and deposits, Climatology, The hydrosphere, Biosphere, Economic Geography, Map work and Places in News.
As Prelims Syllabus also include Indian Polity and Governance such as Indian Polity & Governance, Preamble, Schedules, Constitution of India, Union and its Territory, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights (FR), Fundamental Duties (FD), Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP), Union, Judiciary, State government – State Executive, Administration of Special Areas, Emergency Provisions, State- Centre and interstate relations, Panchayat Raj and Municipalities, Reservation, Constitution Bodies, Non-constitutional bodies, Tribunals, Special Provisions for SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians, Current Affairs.
Indian Economy is an extensive subject that incorporates topics like Economic and Social Development. Indian Economy portion is a nitty-gritty in UPSC preparations and it is also an optional subject which helps to perform well in the exams.
General Studies Paper-II
Comprehension, Interpersonal skills along with communication skills, Logical reasoning and analytical ability, Logical reasoning and analytical ability, Decision making and problem-solving, general mental ability, and Basic numeracy.
In short, the IAS prelims syllabus is an elite version of the IAS mains syllabus. Students prefer preparing for IAS mains exams first as it will be easier to get a detailed version of all the subjects and they will be able to complete the UPSC prelims easily.
IAS preparations can take months to complete due to the vast syllabus and the syllabus of IAS Prelims is scalable due to the current affairs. With the previous year’s question paper analysis, students will be able to understand the importance.
Candidates should know about the IAS syllabus with reference to the previous year’s question papers. If there is more light on a particular topic or chapter, you have to give more importance. Here you will know about the importance of the syllabus.
You have to score at least thirty-three in CSAT to qualify for the exam. The question papers will come in English and Hindi as well.
How much weightage for national and international current affairs?
Most of the questions can be expected from current affairs so ensure that you stay updated. Current affairs are like an ocean of information and it might be difficult to find where to begin or where to stop. However, choosing certain topics based on the question papers and other aspects can help you to figure out important topics
National Issues like the below-specified topics are all given importance so it is better to go through the subjects.
- Indian Economy News
- Indian Polity
- Science and Technology
- Social Schemes
- Sports News
- Committee and Commission
- Awards and Honours
- Accident and calamities
- First in India
When it comes to International affairs, you can concentrate on the below.
- International committees and recommendations
- The geographical event around the world
- International Awards
- International leadership
- Important Summits & Events
- First in the world
- International Reports
Talking about the History of our country, the important categories include the below for sincere preparations.
- Ancient History
- Medieval History
- Modern History and Indian National Movement
- Art and Culture
At Least fifteen to twenty questions can be expected from the History of India and the topic Indian National Movement and Modern History was given more attention. In recent years, there is a change in pattern and questions from Medieval History and Art and Culture.
When it comes to Geography, you can expect at least twenty questions in the IAS prelims exams. It is noted that most questions are from Geography so it is better to concentrate more on Geography. The important topics in Geography are specified below.
- Principles of Physical Geography
- Detail regarding Indian Physical and Political Map
- Physical Geography of India and the world
- Human Geography
- Economic Geography
Indian Polity and Governance can be perplexing. You need to focus a lot and slowly read the topics. Even when you are answering the questions, it is essential for the candidates to concentrate on the questions and understand the meaning before you choose the answer. The Indian Polity and Governance section’s important topics are
- Constitution of India
- Principle of Federalism in India
- Meaning of Secularism in Indian Parlance
- Working of the Parliament of India
- The Union and State Relations
- Several diverse Acts passed by the Parliament of India
- Indian Judiciary
- Principles of Good Governance
- Use of ICT in Governance
- Panchayati Raj Institutions in India
- Local Government Issues
- Right to Information
You have to give importance to topics like
- Indian Economy Fundamentals
- Macro Economy of India
- Micro Economic components
- Reserve Bank of India and it’s Functioning
- Banking System in India
- Industrial Development in India (Pre- Independence, and Post Independence)
- Capital Market in India
- Social Schemes by the Government of India
Economic and social development is the dynamic section of the IAS exam syllabus. As Social development is given more by any democratic government, the Government implements several innovative social schemes that address the underlying concerns in the economy. More than ten questions will be coming from this topic and you have to get constant updates regarding these topics and be thorough in these.
General issues are quite a new topic and IAS aspirants require more precise learning resources as the available books do not suffice the study requirements. Candidates can expect at least five to six questions and not more than ten questions will be asked in the UPSC prelims exams. The topics that are mentioned below have more importance.
- Environment and Ecological Principles
- Various kinds of Pollution
- Consequence of Pollution
- Flora and Fauna
- Food Web
- Utilization of Plastic and its impact
- Environment Protection Act
The final syllabus that you cannot exclude is General Science. The rudimentary principles are a nitty-gritty to face the IAS exam. The questions from General Science questions are not directly asked but the main portion like New technologies, human body parts and it’s various systems, Commercial Chemistry, Virus, and Bacteria.
Things you need to know about UPSC prelims syllabus
Both paper I and Paper II are multiple-choice questions so you have to score two hundred marks within the particular time schedule, that is, two hours.
Negative marking in UPSC prelims is obvious and 1/3 marks will be reduced if a candidate marks a wrong answer. You have to think a lot before answering the question you didn’t know because the negative marking might reduce your total so cautiously answer each and every question.
These are the UPSC Prelims syllabus and the detailed analysis of marks allotted for certain topics. Candidates who are interested in learning for UPSC Prelims should check the information in detail before proceeding with the preparations. It is essential for you to learn all the topics thoroughly and go through the books available without any hassles.
UPSC prelims exam preparations can be challenging and you have to put in a lot of effort to finish learning. Moreover, you should also dedicate enough time to studying all the syllabus topics mentioned above. Once you have read the lessons clearly, it is important to practice until all the lessons are clear and take up test series regularly.
Moreover, you have to constantly evaluate the performance to know which subject or topic you need more practice on so that it is easier for you to focus more on certain topics. Use quality study materials and verified textbooks of renowned authors. If you are following a certain author, then it is essential for you to consistently tag along with the same book. You can refer to different books for references but try following one textbook for learning.