Geography is one of the renowned subjects in the UPSC examination and many students have chosen this as an optional subject due to numerous reasons.
You will find that many of the students who took Geography as an optional subject scored more marks and also topped the UPSC mains exam. Although a few candidates’ default choice remains Geography, many candidates do not take up Geography as an optional subject. You will find everything about the Geography optional subject and also check out the books that you require for Geography preparations.
The first book you have to choose is Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong. You will get to know all about physical and human Geography which are the major topics in the UPSC mains Geography syllabus.
It is bifurcated into two major categories: physical, Geography, and global climatic zones of the steppe, Mediterranean, equatorial, Savannah, and the tropical monsoon climate as well. To make learning easy, the author has inculcated pictographic representation and illustration. Moreover, maps are also enclosed in books to help students understand more about the subject. You can use this book for preliminary exams as well as mains exams.
Topics such as agriculture, types of rainfall, glaciers, climate change, mountain chains, climatic patterns, minerals or other natural phenomena, and deserts, are very important and you can utilize this information to prepare for the UPSC mains exam.
When it comes to the book, you will be able to understand it easily as the language is average and the page quality, as well as the printing, is top-notch.
This book is elaborative and precise which helps you to understand the concept easily. The author has written in an easy language that can be understood by everyone. The book contains nearly 900 pages and you will definitely understand all the information in a clear manner. You will be able to read the topics such as public distribution, system cropping patterns of India, resources of India, seasons, drainage system, wildlife, irrigation types, transportation, and food security.
This is yet another book of Majid Husain and you will get to know about the world Geography where the previous book is bound to a certain country and this book has all the information about the world Geography. The language is simple and it is very similar to a theoretical atlas. The author endeavors to provide all the information that helps you to understand the Geography of various countries across the globe.
You will also get additional information regarding the distribution of people over the globe and concentrates on diverse geographic regions in the world you will get to know about the regions like Antarctica, Oceania, South America, middle America, North America, Europe, and Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Southwest Asia, Asia, Southern Africa, West Africa, West Central Africa, North Africa, Northeastern Africa, and Africa.
This book is a great addition to your UPSC mains preparation and the reading will be easier as the language used in the book is simple. For those who have chosen Geography as an optional subject, this book is definitely not an option for you to leave behind. You will be able to finish chapters like birth and death rates, international labor movements, population (distribution and density), sources and consensus of population, migration settlement patterns, and demographic aspects.
It is a good book for everyone who wants to score more in Geography optional subject as it is completely based on civil services exam preparation and Unlike other books mentioned above, this book is specifically crafter for UPSC exam preparation system you will get to read physical Geography human and economic Geography in the later part.
The important characteristics like maps, diagrams, and charts are also inculcated in the book. You will be covering topics like transport and communications, manufacturing industries, minerals and energy resources, economic activities, natural resources, migration, settlements, population, hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the lithosphere and the universe, the solar system and the earth.
Majid Husain – Author
For paper 1, you can refer to environmental awareness and for paper 2, you can refer to the same along with the Geography of the population from the same author.
Other authors book
Geomorphology is the first topic which you have to start with. It comprises of several subtopics but the important topics include Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust, Continental drift, Endogenetic and exogenetic forces, Plate tectonics, Channel morphology, Geomagnetism basics
Attributes limiting landform growth, Earthquakes and Tsunamis, development of Slope, Geomorphic cycle Concepts and Landscape growth, Isostasy, Erosion surfaces, Geohydrology, economic geology, and environment and finally, Geosynclines Denudation chronology Vulcanicity and Applied Geomorphology
When you read Climatology, it is essential to go through topics like Heat budget of the earth, Monsoons, jet streams, Air masses, frontogenesis, Weather and Climate, Atmospheric circulation, Categorization of the climates in the world by Trewartha and Thornthwaite, World’s Temperature and pressure belts, Hydrological cycle, Kinds of precipitation, Global Climatic modification and the main role of man in a change of climates. Go through Applied Climatology and urban climate
Oceanography is one topic that has several important sub-topics such as Oceans’ temperature and salinity, Marine resources like Biotic, Mineral, and energy resources. You should also know about the Atlantic’s bottom topography, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Coral bleaching, change in sea level, and more.
While going through Biogeography, make sure you read the topics like Soil, Soil erosion, Genesis of soils, issues of deforestation and conservation the forests, Social forestry, Wildlife, soil categorization, agro-forestry, Attributes that impacts the distribution of flora and fauna in the world, Degradation, and conservation.
Likewise, Environmental Geography has some important topics like Global and regional ecological transformation and imbalance, conservation and management of Ecosystem, Adaptations of Human Ecology, Man’s influence in Ecology and Environment, Degradation, conservation, management of environment, Ecology principle, Environmental Policy and Biodiversity and sustainable development Environmental hazards and remedial measures along with Environmental education and legislation.
Human Geography preparations should start with Human Geography’s perspective, Environmentalism, location analysis, Region synthesis, Areal differentiation, radical, human and welfare approaches, secularization, and religions. Some of the important topics are the Human development index, language, and cultural regions in the globe.
While learning for UPSC exams, it is all about choosing the right decisions and dedicate your whole time to preparations. One of the most important decisions you will make is selecting the optional subject. In this article, we have provided all the information about Geography optional subject. Geography is very popular optional and at least three thousand candidates will choose this optional every year.
There are several reasons which necessitate the candidates to select Geography. From success rate to topic overlaps, you can find a lot of reasons. Though there are numerous benefits in choosing Geography optional, you will also be aware of the cons while choosing Geography. If you prefer the previous year’s question papers, you will get to know that Geography is unprecedented as there issues and theories are asked. You should also prepare beyond the available books and study materials.
If you are just starting out, then you should utilize NCERT books from the sixth to twelfth standard for proper preparations. It is the basis for your learning so you should be well aware of all the topics in NCERT books and you can utilize the old books. Make use of atlas as it completes your Geography preparations and it plays a crucial role in your learning. Geography is a static subject but the application is everchanging which makes it an evolving subject. Regularly go through newspapers and magazines for better learning.
That’s all about the Geography optional books and preparations. All the best for your preparation!!
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